Engineering Center Celeste is a supplier of hydrometeorological in-flight measurement systems, instruments and consumables for studying atmospheric parameters. For the upper-air network, the Company distributes modern upper-air equipment, including radiosondes and plasticized radiosonde cover envelopes – meteorological balloons. We closely monitor the technological development of the industry, placing strict requirements on the quality and reliability of the supplied equipment and metrological characteristics of measuring instruments.
Human, despite the technological breakthroughs of recent centuries, is still subject to natural phenomena and depends on climate fluctuations and weather changes. The first meteorological observations were made by people near the surface of the earth, the next stages were the raising of instruments to natural elevations and the subsequent creation of high-altitude observatories. With the advent of aircraft, it became possible to study the atmosphere at various heights: balloons, free balloons, high-altitude balloons, pilot balloons, sounding balloons were used to measure hydrometeorological parameters and conduct physical experiments in many countries of the world. Later, aircraft, rocket and even satellite sounding of atmosphere appeared.
Aerology has made a quantum leap along with the development of radio communications and measurement technology. Now the most widespread, operating and cost-effective method is radio sounding. Due to the fact that the instrument transmits readings to the earth in form of radio signals, sounding data is obtained instantly and regardless of the further fate of the instrument itself.
The inventor of the radiosonde is the outstanding Soviet aerologist Pavel Molchanov, who was the first in the world to successfully launch it on January 30, 1930. At the same time, work on the creation of radiosondes was carried out in parallel in France and Germany. The method became widely used, which allowed the creation of an operational upper-air network around the world. There are about 850 upper-air stations in the world, and about 115 in Russia.
Currently, work continues on the creation of reliable methods for studying the free atmosphere and developing hydrometeorological instruments for accurate measurement of parameters of free atmosphere.
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